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BHÂNAVÂRAS - Bhânavâras - Bhanavaras



NOTE ON THE BHÂNAVÂRAS.

As the division into Bhânavâras or Portions for Recitation is of some value in the history of the way in which the books were handed down, and is now overshadowed by the more practical division for modern purposes adopted in this translation into chapters and sections, the following table may be of use:--



MAHÂVAGGA.



Present division.

Pali title.
Page in text.
Extent in text.

KHANDHAKA
I.



    Chapter
6.
Pathama-bhânavâram
14
14

14.
Dutiyaka-bhânavâram
24
10

21.
Uruvela-pâtihâriyam tatiyaka-bhânavâramtthitam ni
35
11

24.
Katutthaka-bh. nitthitam
44
9

30.
Upagghâya-vatta-bh. nitthitam pañkamam
58
14

33.
Khattham bhânavâram
61
3

38.
Sattamam bhânavâram
71
10

53.
Abhayûvara-bh. nitthitam
81
10

79.

98
? 17

KHANDHAKA
II.



    Chapter
16.
Añña-titthiya-bh. nitthitam
115
16

27.
Kodanâ-vatthu-bh. nitthitam
128
13

36.
Uposatha-khandhake tatiyam bhânavâram
136
8

KHANDHAKA
III.



    Chapter
8.
Vassâvâsa-bh. nitthitam
148
11

14.

155
7

KHANDHAKA
IV.



    Chapter
6.
Pathama-bh. nitthitam
164
9

18.

178
14

KHANDHAKA
V
has no Bhânavâras, and ends in the text on page
198
20
p. 416





KHANDHAKA
VI.



    Chapter
15.
Bhesagga-anuññâta-bh. pathamam
209
10

30.
Likkhavi-bh. nitthitam
233
24

33.
Katu-vîsati-bh. nitthitam
240
7

40.

251
11

KHANDHAKA
VII.



    Chapter
7.
Adâya-bh. nitthitam
259
7

13.

265
6

KHANDHAKA
VIII.



    Chapter
1.
Pathamaka-bh. nitthitam
281
14

15.
Visâkhâ-bhânavâram
294
13

32.

310
16

KHANDHAKA
IX.



    Chapter
4.
Vâsabha-gâma-bhânavâram pathamam
322
11

6.
Upâli-pukkhâ-bhânavâram dutiyam
328
6

7.

333
5

KHANDHAKA
X.



    Chapter
2.
Dighâvu-bhânavâram pathamam
349
13

6.

359
10



KULLAVAGGA.



KHANDHAKA
I-IV.
None.



KHANDHAKA
V.



    Chapter
21.
Dutiya-bhânavâram
129
25

37.

143
14

KHANDHAKA
VI.



    Chapter
3.
Bhânavâram nitthitam pathamam
154
9

11.
Dutiya-bhânavâram
167
13

21.

177
10

KHANDHAKA
VII.



    Chapter
2.
Pathamaka-bhânavâram nitthitam
188
9

3.
Bhânavâram nitthitam dutiyam
198
10

5.
Bhânavâram nitthitam tatiyam
206
8

KHANDHAKA
VIII.



Chapter
4.
Bhânavâram pathamam
215
8

12.
Dutiya-bhânavâram
231
16

14.

231
---
p. 417





KHANDHAKA
IX.



    Chapter
3.
Pathamo bhânavâro 1
247
12

5.

251
4

KHANDHAKA
X.



    Chapter
8.
Pathama-bhânavâram
261
9

16.
Dutiya-bhânavâram
271
10

27.
Tatiya-bhânavâram
281
10

KHANDHAKA
XI.
has none
292
9

KHANDHAKA
XII.



    Chapter
1.
Pathama-bhânavâram
301
8

2.

307
6
On this it may be observed--
1. The last Bhânavâra in each Khandhaka is not referred to either by name or by number, except in Mahâvagga II, and in Kullavagga VII and X. In the Mahâvagga fourteen of the Bhânavâras have special titles, independent of their number in the particular Khandhaka.
2. Probably two Bhânavâras in Mahâvagga V, all the Bhânavâras in Kullavagga I-IV, and the first in Kullavagga V, are not noticed in the printed text.
3. Making allowance for these we have in the Mahâvagga 31 (? 32) Bhânavâras, occupying about 350 pages of Pâli text, and about 610 pages in our translation. In books V-XII of the Kullavagga we have 20 Bhânavâras, occupying about 200 pages of Pâli text, and about 350 pages in our translation. Total 51 (? 52) Bhânavâras, occupying about 550 pages of Pâli, and about 960 pages of translation.
4. As in the printed text repetitions have been avoided by a mode of reference to former passages which was impossible in the MSS., the average length of the matter contained in a Bhânavâra, as written much more in full in the MSS., would be somewhat greater than its average length as actually printed. It would probably amount to what, if printed verbatim, would occupy in space not much less than a sheet of the size and type used in the edition of the text. Thus the three Bhânavâras in Mahâvagga VIII, which owing to the subject-matter are printed with only a few such contractions, occupy respectively 14, 13, and 16 pages of the text.
5. The recital in the usual sara-bhañña (or intonation, see Kullavagga V, 3) of such a 'portion for recitation' would occupy in time about half-an-hour.
6. Spence Hardy informs us in his 'Eastern Monachism' (p. 168) that the Dîgha Nikâya contains 64, the Magghima Nikâya 80, the Samyutta Nikâya 100, and the Aṅguttara Nikâya 120 Bhânavâras. In fact it is only a few of the longer Suttas in the first two collections which are actually divided into Bhânavâras in the MSS.; and only the longer Nipâtas in the Aṅguttara. There are no Bhânavâras in the Eka- and Duka-Nipâtas of that collection; and there are also none in the Samyutta Nikâya, and none in any of the books of the later literature contained in the Abhidhamma Pitaka (including all those in the Khuddaka Nikâya) as yet published.

Footnotes

417:1 Sic. This is the only instance in the Vinaya of a masculine use of the word.
7. The division into Bhânavâras is not made use of in many books of the Pitakas themselves, or in the fifth-century commentaries of Buddhaghosa and others. In the Sutta-vibhaṅga it is only used in Pârâgikas I-III, and in the Parivâra not at all. When Spence Hardy says therefore (loc. cit. p. 172) that the Pitakas and commentaries combined contain 5347 Bhânavâras, he must be referring to a mere calculation and not to the actual use of the MSS. On the other hand, the fact of Bhânavâras being used in the Dîpavamsa and the Khudda-sikkhâ may possibly afford some clue to the age in which those works were composed.





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